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American Art Exam 2 in





American Art
American Art

William Rimmer (1816-1879)
Work does not fit easily into his movements
***Romantic pieces anticipate art of Rodin by several decades***
Contemporaries paled in comparison
Despair…work…made when he was 14 years old ***first nude figure done in America; very good despite awkwardness of the expression of psychological torment***
Studies anatomy a ton
Abandoned sculpture and started doing sign and scenery painting … studies medicine and teaches
Produces drawing book
Bostonian

William Rimmer, The Falling Gladiator, bronze, 1861
William Rimmer, The Dying Centaur, ca. 1861
Stylistically similar to Hellenistic sculpture
Also paints….
William Rimmer, Flight and Pursuit, 1872
Haunting, imaginative images
may be on test****************

William Rinehart (1825-1874) Hero, 1869

William Rinehart (1825-1874)
Hero, 1869

William Rinehart (1825-1874) Leander, 1858 ***Rinehart’s work seen as swan song of American Neoclassical sculpture*** (end)

William Rinehart (1825-1874)
Leander, 1858
***Rinehart’s work seen as swan song of American Neoclassical sculpture*** (end)

Randolph Rogers (1825-1892) Bulweret-Lytton, The Last Days of Pompeii, 1834; Nydia, 1853 Famous for literature inspired ideal works 100 replicas were ordered Not one of Martin’s faves Blind girl trying to make her way through chaos

Randolph Rogers (1825-1892)
Bulweret-Lytton, The Last Days of Pompeii, 1834;
Nydia, 1853
Famous for literature inspired ideal works
100 replicas were ordered
Not one of Martin’s faves
Blind girl trying to make her way through chaos

Edmonia Lewis (1844-1907) Edward Brackett; John Gibson; William Lloyd Garrison (the Abolitionist); Forever Free, 1867 Travels to Rome, falls in circle of Harriet Taking chains of slavery and broke them  Black woman kneels to side for freedom that was rightfully theirs

Edmonia Lewis (1844-1907)
Edward Brackett; John Gibson; William Lloyd Garrison (the Abolitionist);
Forever Free, 1867
Travels to Rome, falls in circle of Harriet
Taking chains of slavery and broke them
Black woman kneels to side for freedom that was rightfully theirs

The Second Generation in Italy: Harriet Hosmer (1830-1908), Puck, 1856 Momentum of 1st generation passes to a 2nd generation and give expression to Romantic Victorian sensibility Created images of heroes of ancient East … so popular that everyone wanted replicas This work alone supported her in Italy Center of controversy because she chose a profession that was “unsuitable” for women Physical labor and necessity of studying the nude Shocking for her to be a sculptor

The Second Generation in Italy:
Harriet Hosmer (1830-1908), Puck, 1856
Momentum of 1st generation passes to a 2nd generation and give expression to Romantic Victorian sensibility
Created images of heroes of ancient East … so popular that everyone wanted replicas This work alone supported her in Italy
Center of controversy because she chose a profession that was “unsuitable” for women Physical labor and necessity of studying the nude
Shocking for her to be a sculptor

Thomas Ball (1819-1911), The Emancipation Group, 1874 Lincoln holding Emancipation Proclamation Bids African American a free man  Should have never been deprived of freedom.. very strange

Thomas Ball (1819-1911), The Emancipation Group, 1874
Lincoln holding Emancipation Proclamation
Bids African American a free man
Should have never been deprived of freedom.. very strange

John Rogers, Checkers, 1875

John Rogers, Checkers, 1875

John Rogers (1829-1904), The Fugitive’s Story, 1869 Felt Realism should be the National style and genre themes should make up the subject matter 1858, works as a mechanic and is doing art on the side. Quit his job, heads to Paris then Rome Did not convert to Neoclassicism Returns to America and creates genre sculptures Attracted much attention Reproduces them for mass market  VERY successful To meet popular demand, opens large factory in NY

John Rogers (1829-1904), The Fugitive’s Story, 1869
Felt Realism should be the National style and genre themes should make up the subject matter
1858, works as a mechanic and is doing art on the side. Quit his job, heads to Paris then Rome
Did not convert to Neoclassicism
Returns to America and creates genre sculptures
Attracted much attention
Reproduces them for mass market
VERY successful
To meet popular demand, opens large factory in NY

Erastus Dow Palmer (1817-1904) The White Captive Palmer had no training .. yet become famous as a sculptor Life-size works in NYC Creates white captive Tied to tree trunk Captured by Native Americans Greek slave has a calm resignation Carries no connotations of being Venus like you see in the Greek woman Style is Realistic…thought of as appropriate in American sculpture  Americans like Realism

Erastus Dow Palmer (1817-1904)
The White Captive
Palmer had no training .. yet become famous as a sculptor
Life-size works in NYC
Creates white captive
Tied to tree trunk
Captured by Native Americans
Greek slave has a calm resignation
Carries no connotations of being Venus like you see in the Greek woman
Style is Realistic…thought of as appropriate in American sculpture
Americans like Realism